Ohio Misdemeanor Charges and Penalties
Ohio misdemeanor charges generally include the possibility of jail time; however, they are less serious offenses than felonies. Any crime that is a "lesser" criminal offense and incurs less than 1 year in jail as penalty is classified as a misdemeanor. Misdemeanor charges can affect your freedom and your future, so it is a good idea to discuss your case with an excellent Columbus criminal attorney. Contact Attorney Adam Burke at (614) 280-9122 for your free consultation today.
Misdemeanors in Ohio
Misdemeanors are very common in the state (and the rest of the country as well). Some of the most common misdemeanors include:
- petty theft
- disorderly conduct
- parking in a reserved-for-the-handicapped space
- driving past Stop signs
- driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI known as OVI in Ohio)
- assault / battery /public fighting
- possession of certain drugs of abuse
- possession of drug paraphernalia
Penalties for Misdemeanors in Ohio
Penalties for misdemeanors include at the most a year in the local jail, as well as fines of up to $1,000, depending on the crime committed. Compared to felonies, there are no lengthy prison sentences involved. You do not stand to lose as much in fines, either. If you are facing misdemeanor charges in Ohio, then you need to understand how state law views the crime you have been accused of committing. This may differ in other states, so check with a local lawyer if you've been caught being on property without permission to be sure.
Misdemeanors are relatively minor crimes, so the penalties assigned are less harsh. Misdemeanors are categorized into 5 levels, from the least serious (minor misdemeanors) to the most serious (1st degree misdemeanors). Here is a brief guide to the common misdemeanor crimes committed in the state, followed by the penalties you will face once convicted.
|Misdemeanor Degree||Jail Time (Max)||Fines of Up to|
|1st (M1)||180 days||$1,000|
|2nd (M2)||90 days||$750|
|3rd (M3)||60 days||$500|
|4th (M4)||30 days||$250|
|Minor (MM)||0 days||$150|
Minor misdemeanors are very common, like speeding and going through red lights. Parking in a handicapped space is also considered a minor misdemeanor.
Fines for Misdemeanors in Ohio
If you are convicted of a minor misdemeanor, there will be no confinement in jail. You may, however, have to pay a fine of up to $150. If you are convicted of a 4th degree misdemeanor, you may have to spend up to 30 days in the local jail, and pay fines of up to $250. A conviction of a 3rd degree misdemeanor may lead to up to 60 days in jail, and you may pay fines of up to $500. If you are convicted of a second degree misdemeanor, you face up to 90 days in jail, and pay fines of up to $750. Finally, for a 1st degree misdemeanor, you face up to 180 days in jail and pay fines of up to $1,000.
Note that, unlike felonies, if convicted and sentenced to jail, you will always be incarcerated in a local jail, and not the state prison.
In addition to this, the judge may assign you additional penalties or assign different penalties as alternative punishment.
These penalties include probation, house arrest with monitoring, parole, community service, terms in halfway houses, and weekend imprisonment. Your privileges, like a professional license or driving license, may be suspended or revoked. You may be barred from taking public office or removed if you are already occupying such a position. In some cases, the judge may ask you to undertake counseling or seek treatment for a problem.
Punishment for misdemeanors is unique to each case, depending on the offense you are suspected of having committed. It is recommended that you consult a lawyer to find out your exact potential punishment, if any. 1
In the state of Ohio, if you knowingly and intentionally deprive a person of a property or a service, and obtain or exert control over the property or the service, you are guilty of having committed theft.
Theft is committed through any of the following ways:
- without the consent or authority of the owner
- an act beyond the scope of the consent given by the owner
- through deception
- by way of threat
- by intimidation
A petty theft is theft involving a property or service that has a minor value. If the value of the item(s) taken during the theft is less than $1,000, you will be charged with petty theft. Petty theft is a misdemeanor of the 1st degree. For any amount greater than $1,000, the crime is considered to be a felony. 2
Criminal Trespass (Trespassing)
In Ohio, the offense of criminal trespass means, without securing permission, knowingly entering or remaining on the property belonging to another person or entity. Unawareness of being on a property of another may be a defense, if there was no noticeable deterrent like a "no trespass" sign or fencing around the property.
Criminal trespass may be committed on a private property or on a place of public amusement. If you are accused of trespassing on private property, it will be considered to be a misdemeanor of the 4th degree.
The state may confiscate your automobile registration and license plates for a period of 60 days if you have a history of criminal trespass. Criminal trespass on a place of public amusement, like a stadium or an amusement park, is a misdemeanor of the 1st degree. Criminal trespass committed with a vehicle is dealt with more harshly than without. 3
Possession of Drug Paraphernalia
Possession of drug paraphernalia is a very common misdemeanor charge in Ohio. Many people get into trouble with the law because they had drug paraphernalia like a hypodermic needle lying around in their car.
Drug paraphernalia is any equipment, product, or material that can be used or is intended for use to ingest a controlled substance (drugs like marijuana) in the body. Possession of drug paraphernalia is a fourth misdemeanor as long as you have not passed on the paraphernalia to someone else, but may become a more serious misdemeanor if you sold the paraphernalia, especially to juveniles.
Upon conviction, in addition to the regular penalties, your driver's license may be suspended for anywhere from 6 months to 5 years. You may also be placed on probation. Advertising about drug paraphernalia is also considered a misdemeanor in Ohio. 4
Disorderly Conduct – Public Peace Offenses
The law against disorderly conduct was introduced to uphold public peace. At times, the police are known to be overzealous in its application.
If you are charged with disorderly conduct, you were suspected to have either:
- Fought, threatened, or engaged in violent behavior
- Made unreasonable noise or communicated using abusive language
- Insulted or challenged someone to incite a violent response
- Hindered or prevented someone's movement on a public street
- Created a potentially harmful situation that endangers others for no reasonable purpose
You may also be charged with disorderly conduct if, when under the influence of alcohol, you:
- Engaged in annoying or offensive behavior in a public place
- Acted in a way that was potentially harmful to a person or a person's property
In most cases, disorderly conduct is a minor misdemeanor. If the disorderly conduct was committed after a reasonable warning to desist, near a school, in the vicinity of police (and other officials) when they were carrying out their duties, or near an emergency facility, it will be charged as a misdemeanor of the 4th degree. 5
Inciting to violence (encouraging a person to commit a violent act) and failure to disperse (not heeding the law enforcement officials when they tell you to move away from a location) are other offenses against the public peace. Inciting to violence is a 1st degree misdemeanor (may sometimes be considered a felony), while failure to disperse is charged as a 4th degree misdemeanor.
Criminal Damage Property, Criminal Mischief, Arson
Damaging property, whether it involves arson, criminal mischief, or vandalism is a serious offense in the state of Ohio.
You may be charged with criminal mischief if you knowingly damage, deface, or tamper with a property that belongs to another person. You will be charged with criminal mischief if you deploy a stink bomb, gas device, smoke generator, tamper with boundary markers or survey markers and impair the functioning of a computer or network, or set fire to a property. All of this must be done without the owner's knowledge and/or consent. Depending on the case, it may be classified as a 3rd degree misdemeanor or a 1st degree misdemeanor.
You may be charged with arson if you are responsible for creating a substantial fire risk to the property of another. This has to be done without their consent or permission, or with the intention to defraud. You may also be charged with arson if you create a substantial fire risk to a school, public building, park, a preserve, a forest, or a similar property. If you are suspected of harming a person, you may be charged with a felony offense.
Arson is considered to be, depending on the property and the damage to the property, anything from a 1st degree misdemeanor to a major level felony. 6 7
Operating a Vehicle under the Influence (OVI)
In Ohio, DUI is commonly known as OVI. Drinking and driving can be a major offense in the state, especially if someone was harmed by the vehicle when the crime was committed. OVIs are classified into some categories, the main being OVI Impaired and OVI Per Se.
First OVI is when you are considered to be driving under the influence of alcohol or a controlled substance with a BAC level over the Ohio legal limit of .08%. It is considered to be a misdemeanor of the 1st degree in Ohio.
Second OVI is when you were convicted before within a period of 10 years and when you are defending a driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs charge again. It is generally also considered to be a misdemeanor of the 1st degree.
Third OVI is when you have 2 prior convictions, and facing a new charge. It is considered to be a misdemeanor as well.
When a person under 21 years of age is operating a vehicle with high levels of either alcohol or drugs in their body, with a BAC of more than .02%, it is considered Underage OVI. It is a misdemeanor of the 4th degree. OVIs may be charged as felonies, depending on the case in question. 8
Misdemeanor Assault Charges
In the state of Ohio, when you are charged with the crime of assault, you are accused of knowingly:
- Harming or attempting to harm a person or the person's unborn child
- Recklessly causing serious physical harm to the person or the person's unborn child
Assault may be charged as a misdemeanor or a felony. Simple assault cases, where no one was seriously injured or when someone was unintentionally harmed by a reckless action, are generally treated as misdemeanors. Even so, assault is considered to be a relatively serious crime and even simple assault cases are charged as 1st degree misdemeanors.
Negligent assault is another type of assault that is a misdemeanor. As the name suggests, negligent assault is caused by negligence. The assaulter does not intend harm, but is responsible for it by not taking adequate steps to prevent the harm from occurring. Negligent assault is a 3rd degree misdemeanor.
A criminal record, even a record of misdemeanors, will impact your life adversely. You may find it difficult to find suitable employment in the future and your freedom might be severely restricted.
But there is no reason to despair, you may be able get your record sealed or have your record expunged. In Ohio, your criminal record is accessible to the public. It is very possible that a potential employer will find it and think twice before hiring you. But it may is possible to seal this record, so that it is inaccessible to the general public. In Ohio, the record sealing process is often referred to as Expungement.
Getting your record expunged is not necessarily easy, and the court needs to be presented with evidence before the judge will agree to the Expungement. If your offense is relatively minor, the chances of you securing an Expungement are high. A petition needs to be filed before the process of Expungement can begin. 9
Attorney Adam Burke Llc - Columbus, Ohio Misdemeanor Attorney
If you have been charged with any of the above misdemeanor offenses, it is important to hire a criminal defense attorney. A skilled defense attorney can help you to know your options and come up with the best possible defense for your case. Contact Attorney Adam Burke now for your free consultation at (614) 280-9122.
- http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-the-most-common-types-of-misdemeanor-cases.htm ↩
- http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/2913.02 ↩
- http://attorneyadamburke.com/misdemeanor-charges/criminal-trespass/ ↩
- http://attorneyadamburke.com/drug-charges/ohio-drug-paraphernalia/ ↩
- http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/2917.11 ↩
- http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/2909 ↩
- http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/2909.07 ↩
- http://attorneyadamburke.com/ohio-dui/ohio-ovi-offenses/ ↩
- http://www.ohioexpungementlaw.com/misdemeanor-record-expungement.htm ↩